Gasoline  R Documentation 
Refinery yield of gasoline
Description
The Gasoline
data frame has 32 rows and 6 columns.
Format
This data frame contains the following columns:
 yield

a numeric vector giving the percentage of crude oil converted to gasoline after distillation and fractionation
 endpoint

a numeric vector giving the temperature (degrees F) at which all the gasoline is vaporized
 Sample

an ordered factor giving the inferred crude oil sample number
 API

a numeric vector giving the crude oil gravity (degrees API)
 vapor

a numeric vector giving the vapor pressure of the crude oil
(\mathrm{lbf}/\mathrm{in}^2)
 ASTM

a numeric vector giving the crude oil 10% point ASTM—the temperature at which 10% of the crude oil has become vapor.
Details
Prater (1955) provides data on crude oil properties and
gasoline yields. Atkinson (1985)
uses these data to illustrate the use of diagnostics in multiple
regression analysis. Three of the covariates—API
,
vapor
, and ASTM
—measure characteristics of the
crude oil used to produce the gasoline. The other covariate —
endpoint
—is a characteristic of the refining process.
Daniel and Wood (1980) notice that the covariates characterizing
the crude oil occur in only ten distinct groups and conclude that the
data represent responses measured on ten different crude oil samples.
Source
Prater, N. H. (1955), Estimate gasoline yields from crudes, Petroleum Refiner, 35 (5).
Atkinson, A. C. (1985), Plots, Transformations, and Regression, Oxford Press, New York.
Daniel, C. and Wood, F. S. (1980), Fitting Equations to Data, Wiley, New York
Venables, W. N. and Ripley, B. D. (2002) Modern Applied Statistics with S (4th ed), Springer, New York.